What Are The Risks Of Having High Blood Pressure

What Are The Risks Of Having High Blood Pressure – Hypertension is a risk factor for all clinical manifestations of atherosclerosis, as it is a risk factor for atherosclerosis itself.

Aggressive control of hypertension can reduce or reverse left ventricular hypertrophy and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.

What Are The Risks Of Having High Blood Pressure

What Are The Risks Of Having High Blood Pressure

Left ventricular hypertrophy occurs in 25% of hypertensive patients and can be easily diagnosed by echocardiography.

Heart Disease & Stroke

The basic mechanisms of left tricular hypertrophy are of two types: firstly, mechanical (caused mainly by hypertrophy of myocytes) and secondly, neurohormonal (caused mainly by the proliferation of fibroblasts).

Common in hypertensive patients. Patients with diastolic heart failure have an elevated ejection fraction, which is a measure of systolic function.

About 85% of strokes are due to infarction, and the rest are due to bleeding, intracerebral hemorrhage or subarachnoid hemorrhage.

The incidence of stroke increases gradually with increasing blood pressure, especially systolic blood pressure in people over 65 years of age. Treatment of hypertension definitely reduces the incidence of both ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke.

How High Blood Pressure Affects Your Body

A single infarct caused by “strategic” large vessel occlusion can lead to cognitive impairment associated with hypertension and dementia.

Several clinical trials suggest that antihypertensive therapy has a beneficial effect on cognitive function, although this is still an active area of ​​research.

Cerebral blood flow remains constant over a wide range of arterial pressures (mean arterial pressure 50–150 mmHg) by a process known as blood flow autoregulation.

What Are The Risks Of Having High Blood Pressure

Signs and symptoms of hypertensive cephalopathy include severe headache, nausea and vomiting (often projectile), focal neurological signs, and changes in mental status. Untreated hypertensive cephalopathy can progress to stupor, coma, seizures and death within hours.

How To Treat High Blood Pressure

It is important to distinguish between hypertensive encephalopathy and other neurological syndromes that may be associated with hypertension, e.g. cerebral ischemia, hemorrhagic or thrombotic stroke, epileptic seizures, mass lesions, cerebri pseudotumor, delirious tremors, uveitis, acute intermittent porphyria, traumatic or chemical injury. cerebral and uremic cephalopathy.

Hypertensive retinopathy is a condition characterized by a spectrum of retinal vascular symptoms in people with elevated blood pressure.

In the initial stage, vasoconstrictive, vasospasm and an increase in retinal arteriolar tone occur due to local autoregulatory mechanisms. This phase manifests clinically as a generalized narrowing of the retinal arteries. Persistently elevated blood pressure leads to intimal thickening, medial wall hyperplasia and hyaline degeneration in the later sclerotic phase. This phase corresponds to more severe focal and generalized areas of arteriolar narrowing, changes in arteriolar and vular junctions, and changes in the arteriolar light reflex (ie, expansion and activation of the central light reflex or “copper wire”).

This is followed by an exudative phase in which there is disruption of the blood-retinal barrier, necrosis of smooth muscles and endothelial cells, exudation of blood and lipids, and retinal ischemia. These changes are visible on the retina as microaneurysms, hemorrhages, hard exudates, and cotton balls. At this time, swelling of the optic disc can occur and is usually a sign of severely elevated blood pressure (ie, malignant hypertension). Because better blood pressure control methods are now available in the general population, malignant hypertension is rare. In contrast, other retinal vascular complications from hypertension, such as macroaneurysms and branch vein occlusions, are not uncommon in patients with chronically elevated blood pressure. These stages of hypertensive retinopathy, however, may not be consecutive.

High Blood Pressure (hypertension)

For example, signs of retinopathy indicative of the exudative phase, such as retinal hemorrhages or microaneurysms, may appear in eyes that do not have features of the sclerotic phase,

And blacks are at greater risk than whites for developing ESRD at all blood pressure levels.

Glomerular injury can also result from direct damage to glomerular capillaries due to glomerular hyperperfusion. Glomerular pathology progresses to glomerulosclerosis,

What Are The Risks Of Having High Blood Pressure

Eventually, the renal tubules may become ischemic and gradually atrophic. The renal lesion associated with malignant hypertension consists of fibrinoid necrosis of afferent arterioles,

Understanding Your Blood Pressure Reading

Clinically, macroalbuminuria (random urinary albumin/creatinine ratio > 300 mg/g) or microalbuminuria (urinary albumin/creatinine ratio 30-300 mg/g) are early markers of kidney damage. These are also risk factors for the progression of kidney disease and cardiovascular disease.

Diabetes has several complications, one of which is hypertension or high blood pressure. Data shows that at least 60-80 percent of individuals who develop diabetes will develop high blood pressure. High blood pressure is gradual in its early stages and can take at least 10-15 years to fully develop. In addition to diabetes, other factors that can increase high blood pressure can also be obesity, insulin resistance, and high cholesterol levels. In general, less than 25 percent of diabetics have good blood pressure control. The presence of high blood pressure in diabetes is associated with a 4-fold increase in death, mainly from heart disease and stroke.

Current epidemiological studies have also shown that blood pressure variability, independent of mean blood pressure levels, contributes to microvascular and macrovascular complications.

These variable associations can be very harmful for people with very high or very low blood pressure.

What Is High Blood Pressure?

The main reason people with diabetes develop high blood pressure is the hardening of the arteries. Tds Diabetes to accelerate the atherosclerosis process. Another fact about diabetes is that it affects both large and small blood vessels in the body. Over time, blood vessels become clogged with fat deposits, become rigid and lose elasticity. The atherosclerosis process is much faster in people with diabetes who do not have good blood sugar control. High blood pressure eventually leads to heart failure, stroke, heart attack, blindness, kidney failure, loss of libido, and poor circulation in the legs. Compromising the blood supply to the legs also increases the possibility of infections and amputations. All diabetics should know that even a small increase in blood pressure can be harmful to health. Studies have shown that diabetics with mildly elevated blood pressure have a 2 to 3 times increased risk of heart disease compared to individuals without diabetes.

Blood pressure values ​​vary, but experts recommend no more than 140/80. Secondly, high blood pressure is a serious disease, so it is essential for all diabetics to check their blood pressure regularly or have it checked regularly by a doctor. The American Diabetes Association recommends that a health care professional check the blood pressure of all diabetics at least 2-5 times a year.

Medications such as angiocin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) are often used to control blood pressure among diabetics. These drugs not only control blood pressure, but also slow or prevent the development of kidney disease in diabetes. Many studies have shown that ACEI should be the first-line drug in diabetics with high blood pressure.

What Are The Risks Of Having High Blood Pressure

Other medications to treat high blood pressure include water pills. Sometimes a combination of drugs is used to treat high blood pressure. All diabetics should quit smoking. The combination of diabetes and smoking usually leads to amputation of the toes and feet. Check your blood sugar regularly and make sure it is well balanced, as you can prevent most of the complications of diabetes by making sure your blood sugar stays within normal limits.

How Common Is High Blood Pressure & What Are The Risk Factors?

It is also recommended to eat healthy and avoid sugary foods and limit salt intake. Also, make sure your cholesterol levels are under control. Exercise is essential for all diabetics. Walking twice a day for 30 minutes can be a fair substitute for those who are not burdened with strenuous exercise activities. Weight loss is also beneficial, as it has been shown to improve blood sugar control, increase insulin sensitivity and lower blood pressure. High blood pressure is a major risk factor for heart disease. Almost 19% of women in their 20s and 30s have high blood pressure. You don’t have to be one of them. Check your blood pressure at least once a year.

High blood pressure can persist for a long time and harm the body. Put yourself first. Pay attention to possible warning signs. Possible warning signs of high blood pressure: fatigue, loss of energy, sleep disturbances. Hot flashes and sweating. Fluid retention. headache Blurred vision. Chest pain – Some women report that their bra feels too tight. Check your blood pressure at least once a year.

The “Heart-Healthy Pregnancy Registry” highlights items including a blood pressure monitor, notebook, scale, sneakers and yoga mat, along with a message about how they can help you manage your blood pressure.

Preeclampsia is high blood pressure during pregnancy and signs that your organ is not working well. It develops after 20 weeks of pregnancy. Sometimes there are no symptoms, but be aware of sudden weight gain within 1-2 days or swelling of the hands or face.

How Blood Pressure In Your 30s Affects The Rest Of Your Life

Preeclampsia increases the risk of high blood pressure, heart disease and stroke later in life. Talk to your doctor about your blood pressure.

Watch for warning signs of heart problems, including high blood pressure, during and after pregnancy. Symptoms include: worsening headache, extreme tiredness, dizziness, trouble breathing, chest or stomach pain, swelling, nausea.

Black women have the highest percentage of high blood pressure compared to other groups. Almost 58%

What Are The Risks Of Having High Blood Pressure

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