What Are The Health Risks Associated With High Blood Pressure – In most cases, the damage caused by high blood pressure (HBP or high blood pressure) occurs over time. Unrecognized or uncontrolled causes of high blood pressure may include:
When your blood pressure stays high for a long time, it damages your blood vessels – and LDL (bad) cholesterol starts to build up along the cracks in your artery walls. This causes the arteries to narrow, reducing their efficiency while increasing the stress on your circulatory system.
What Are The Health Risks Associated With High Blood Pressure
Call 911 immediately if your blood pressure exceeds 180/120 mm Hg and you have symptoms such as headache, chest pain, nausea/vomiting, or fainting. If there are no symptoms, wait five minutes and check the blood pressure again.
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Also, if your readings are still abnormally high and you don’t experience any other signs of target organ damage, such as chest pain, shortness of breath, back pain, numbness/weakness, vision changes, or difficulty speaking, call your health care professional right away. . . You may have high blood pressure.
Metabolic syndrome is a group of risk factors, including high blood pressure, that increase the risk of heart disease, diabetes, stroke and other health problems. It is diagnosed when you have any of these risk factors:
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Our online community of patients, survivors and caregivers is here to keep you going despite the obstacles. We’ve been there and won’t let you go alone. Cholesterol is a waxy substance in your blood and in your cells. Your liver makes most of your body’s cholesterol. The rest comes from the food you eat. Cholesterol in your blood travels in packages called lipoproteins.
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Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is a type of “bad” unhealthy cholesterol. LDL cholesterol can build up in your arteries and form fatty, waxy deposits called plaque.
High-density lipoprotein (HDL) is the “good” type of healthy cholesterol. It transports excess cholesterol from your arteries to the liver, where it is removed from the body.
Cholesterol itself is not bad. Your body needs cholesterol to make hormones, vitamin D, and digestive fluids. Cholesterol also helps your organs function properly.
However, high LDL cholesterol can be a problem. Over time, high LDL cholesterol damages your arteries, contributes to heart disease, and increases your risk of stroke. Controlling your cholesterol with regular doctor visits and reducing your heart disease risk with diet, exercise, lifestyle changes, and medications can help reduce heart disease complications and improve your quality of life.
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When your body has too much LDL cholesterol, it deposits in your arteries, clogging them and making them less flexible. Hardening of the arteries is called atherosclerosis. Blood doesn’t flow as well through hardened arteries, so your heart has to work harder to push blood through them. Over time, when plaque builds up in your arteries, you can develop heart disease.
Plaque build-up in the coronary arteries impairs the flow of oxygen-rich blood to your heart muscle. This can cause chest pain known as angina. Angina is not a heart attack, but a temporary interruption of blood flow. It is a warning sign that you are at risk of having a heart attack. A piece of plaque can eventually break off and form a clot, or the arteries can continue to narrow, completely blocking blood flow to your heart and leading to a heart attack. If this process occurs in the brain or in the arteries leading to the brain, it can lead to a stroke.
Plaque can block blood flow to the arteries that supply blood to your intestines, legs, and feet. This is called peripheral artery disease (PAD).
Your body’s hormone-producing glands use cholesterol to make hormones like estrogen, testosterone, and cortisol. Hormones also affect cholesterol levels in the body. Research has shown that as estrogen levels rise during a woman’s menstrual cycle, HDL cholesterol levels rise and LDL cholesterol levels fall. This may be one reason why women’s risk of heart disease increases after menopause, when estrogen levels drop.
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Decreased thyroid hormone production (hypothyroidism) leads to increased total and LDL cholesterol. An excess of thyroid hormones (hyperthyroidism) has the opposite effect. Androgen therapy, which lowers male hormone levels to stop prostate cancer from growing, can raise LDL cholesterol levels. A lack of growth hormone can raise LDL cholesterol levels.
Cholesterol is an essential component of the human brain. In fact, the brain contains about 25 percent of the total cholesterol in the body. This fat is essential for the growth and protection of nerve cells that allow the brain to communicate with the rest of the body.
Although you need cholesterol for your brain to function optimally, too much cholesterol can be harmful. High cholesterol in the arteries can cause a stroke, a blood flow disorder that can damage parts of the brain, memory, movement, swallowing and speech and other functions.
High blood cholesterol is also linked to decreased memory and mental function. High blood cholesterol can accelerate the formation of beta-amyloid plaques, sticky protein deposits that damage the brains of people with Alzheimer’s disease.
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In the digestive system, cholesterol is essential for the production of bile, which helps your body break down food and absorb nutrients in your intestines. But if you have too much cholesterol in your bile, the excess will crystallize and then harden into gallstones. Gallstones can be very painful.
Monitoring your cholesterol levels with recommended blood tests and reducing your risk of heart disease can help improve your overall quality of life.
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Our experts continue to monitor the health and wellness space and we update our articles as new information becomes available. Medical Review Angela M. Bell, MD, FACP — Jacquelyn Cafasso — Updated April 15, 2022
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US residents. People who suffer from obesity are more likely to develop a number of serious health problems.
Check out this infographic to learn how obesity affects different areas of your body.
Being overweight or obese greatly increases the risk of stroke, which occurs when blood flow to the brain stops.
Fat deposits around the neck can make the airways too narrow and make it difficult to breathe at night. This condition is called sleep apnea. Breathing may stop for a short time in people with sleep apnea.
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Obesity is associated with an increased risk of gastrointestinal reflux disease (GERD). GERD occurs when stomach acid leaks into the esophagus.
Obesity also increases the risk of gallstones. Then bile accumulates in the gallbladder and hardens. This may require surgery.
Fat accumulates around the liver and can cause liver damage, scar tissue, and even liver failure.
In obese people, the heart has to work harder to pump blood throughout the body. This causes hypertension or high blood pressure. High blood pressure is the leading cause of stroke.
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High blood pressure causes the blood vessels that carry blood to the heart to harden and narrow. Hardened arteries, also known as atherosclerosis, increase the risk of heart attack and stroke. High blood pressure can also lead to chronic kidney disease.
Obesity makes body cells resistant to insulin. Insulin is a hormone that transports sugar from the blood into the cells where it is used for energy.
If you’re insulin resistant, sugar can’t be absorbed by the cells, leading to high blood sugar. This increases your risk of developing type 2 diabetes, a condition in which your blood sugar levels are too high. Type 2 diabetes is linked to a host of other health problems, including heart disease, kidney disease, stroke, amputation, and blindness.
Obesity can make it difficult for one to get pregnant. It is also associated with low testosterone levels, making pregnancy difficult.
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Obesity can lead to a decline in bone density and muscle mass. This is called osteosarcopenic obesity. Osteosarcopenic obesity can lead to increased fracture risk, physical disability, insulin resistance and poor overall health outcomes.
Rashes can occur where the skin folds over body fat. A condition called acanthosis nigricans may also occur.
Acanthosis nigricans is characterized by skin discoloration and thickening in the folds and folds of your body. It is also associated with insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes.
Acanthosis nigricans is a darkening of skin folds. It can be early skin diabetes. Vandana Mehta Rai MD DNB, C Balachandran MD, CC BY-SA 3.0. Photo courtesy of Wikimedia Commons
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Acanthosis nigricans is a skin disease that causes darkening of the skin at the folds of the skin. People with obesity and diabetes can develop this condition. MIA Studio/Shutterstock
Obesity is associated with several
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