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What is blood pressure? Blood pressure is defined as the force exerted on the walls of the arteries. Most of this pressure comes from the heart, which pumps blood through the body’s circulatory system (the body system that carries blood to and from the heart). Blood pressure is measured in two numbers: systolic (or the pressure exerted by the heart when it pumps) and diastolic (which is the pressure exerted by the heart when the heart is at rest).
What Are Signs That You Have High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is a condition in which the pressure exerted by the bloodstream is very high and constantly high. Almost half of American adults – that’s 47%, or 1 in 6 adults – don’t know they have high blood pressure! Although preventable, certain characteristics and lifestyle habits increase the risk of the disease. If left untreated, it can lead to heart attack, stroke, and other health problems.
High Blood Pressure
Know your numbers! The only way to know if you have high blood pressure is to have your blood pressure checked. Checking regularly and understanding the results is the key to control. Check out the chart below to learn about the different categories of healthy and unhealthy blood pressure!
Most of the time, high blood pressure has no obvious symptoms that indicate something is wrong. The best way to protect yourself is to be aware of the risks and make changes! Normal blood pressure is measured at or below 120/80 mmHg. Fast facts
Heart Foundation – Keep Your Heart Healthy Rasmussen University – Tips for a Healthy Heart CDC – High Blood Pressure Half of Americans have high blood pressure, also known as hypertension, and many are unaware of their condition. We talk about high blood pressure when the blood flows through the arteries at a higher than normal pressure. Blood pressure measurement consists of two parts: systolic and diastolic. The pressure created by the chambers of the heart when blood is pumped out of the heart is called systolic pressure. Diastolic pressure is the pressure in the heart as it fills with blood between heartbeats.
Your blood pressure fluctuates throughout the day as a result of your activities. Normal blood pressure for most adults is below 120/80 mmHg, which is the difference between systolic pressure and diastolic pressure – 120/80 mmHg. If you have a constant systolic value of 130 mm Hg or higher, or a diastolic value of 80 mm Hg or higher, your blood pressure is considered high.
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Your tissues and organs need oxygenated blood, which your circulatory system supplies throughout your body, to survive and function properly. When the heart beats, it creates pressure that forces blood through a network of tube-shaped blood vessels such as arteries, veins, and capillaries. This pressure, or blood pressure, is caused by two forces: The first force (systolic pressure) occurs when blood is pumped from the heart into the arteries of the circulatory system. The second force (diastolic pressure) occurs when the heart stops.
Blood pressure refers to the amount of force or pressure exerted by blood on the walls of blood vessels. In people with high blood pressure (hypertension), this pressure on the walls of the vessels is constantly strong.
High blood pressure is called the “silent killer.” Because you may not know that something is wrong with your body, but it is causing harm. Also, high blood pressure can persist for years without causing any symptoms. If this condition is not controlled, it increases the risk of serious health problems such as heart disease or stroke. However, the good news is that high blood pressure is easy to detect.
High blood pressure is a common condition; 18% of adult men and 13% of adult women suffer from it but go untreated. In 90-95% of cases, high blood pressure has no identifiable cause. However, all available evidence suggests that lifestyle plays an important role in controlling blood pressure.
Measure Your Blood Pressure
Also, for unknown reasons, people of Afro-Caribbean and South Asian descent (Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi) are more likely to have high blood pressure than other ethnic groups.
Essential hypertension is another name for primary hypertension, the most common form of high blood pressure. It develops gradually and there is no reason. The mechanisms that cause the gradual increase in blood pressure are still unknown to researchers. However, various combinations of factors may play a role. These include the following;
If there is any change in the body, problems can begin. One such problem can be high blood pressure. Changes in kidney function due to aging, for example, are thought to upset the body’s normal salt and fluid balance. This change can increase your blood pressure.
Some individuals are genetically predisposed to high blood pressure. It can occur due to genetic disorders or gene mutations inherited from one or both parents.
What Is Considered High Blood Pressure?
Risky lifestyle choices, such as poor diet or lack of physical activity, can have long-term effects on the body. These lifestyle choices can lead to weight loss problems. If you are overweight or obese, you are more likely to develop hypertension.
High stress can cause a short-term increase in blood pressure. Stress-related behaviors such as overeating, smoking, and drinking alcohol can contribute to high blood pressure.
This type of hypertension usually develops more quickly and is more severe than primary hypertension. Examples of medical conditions that can cause secondary hypertension include:
High blood pressure is usually a silent disease. Most people have no signs or symptoms. It can take years, if not decades, for the disease to progress to the point where symptoms appear. However, something else can cause such symptoms.
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These signs and symptoms of high blood pressure require immediate medical attention. Although they do not occur in everyone with this disease, waiting for symptoms to appear can be life-threatening.
Checking your blood pressure regularly is an easy way to know if you have high blood pressure. Blood pressure is taken at almost every doctor’s office visit.
Measuring one’s blood pressure is enough to diagnose high blood pressure. Blood pressure is usually checked as part of a routine visit to the doctor’s office. Ask to have your blood pressure checked at your next visit if you didn’t get a blood pressure check.
If the reading shows that you have high blood pressure, your doctor may order more tests in a few days or weeks. High blood pressure is rarely diagnosed based on a single reading. The doctor wants to look for signs of a long-term problem. This is because your environment, including the stress you experience in your provider’s office, can contribute to high blood pressure. On the other hand, high blood pressure levels fluctuate throughout the day.
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If your blood pressure is persistently high, your doctor may order additional tests to rule out underlying problems. Some of the tests you should do are:
These diagnostic tests help doctors identify secondary conditions that may be causing high blood pressure. They also examine how high blood pressure affects the body’s organs. During this period, the doctor will start treating high blood pressure. Remember that early care and treatment can help prevent long-term effects of high blood pressure and various complications.
It refers to the first or upper number. It measures the pressure in the arteries as the heart beats and pumps blood.
Blood pressure should be below 120/80 millimeters of mercury (mmHg) to be considered stable or healthy.
What Causes High Blood Pressure—and Are You At Risk?
The diastolic number is less than 80 mm Hg, while the systolic number is between 120 and 129 mm Hg. In most cases, doctors do not use drugs to treat high blood pressure. Instead, they may advise you to make lifestyle changes that will lower your number.
A blood pressure cuff is used to take readings. A properly fitted cuff is essential for an accurate and precise reading. Readings from an ill-fitting cuff may be unreliable.
In people over the age of 50, systolic blood pressure (the first number) is usually emphasized as a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Systolic blood pressure rises steadily with age in most people due to stiffening of the large arteries, long-standing plaque, and an increase in cardiovascular disease.
High blood pressure can be diagnosed by measuring elevated systolic or elevated diastolic blood pressure. Recent research shows that every 20 mmHg systolic or 10 mmHg diastolic increase in blood pressure doubles the risk of death from ischemic heart disease and stroke in people aged 40 to 89.
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Various factors allow a doctor to determine the optimal high blood pressure level