How To Say Your Name In Japanese – Japanese honors are complex – and important If you’re wondering, what do Chan, Kun, San and Sama mean? Well, you’ve come to the right place. In this guide to the most common Japanese suffixes added to names, you’ll learn the meaning of Japanese suffixes so you know which ones to use and when.
According to the resident Japanese expert, “Japanese honorifics are all about politeness They’re a little tricky, but they’re very important Politeness is very important in Japanese culture and that importance is reflected in the language system. “
How To Say Your Name In Japanese
However, a common and important use of honorifics is in the prefixes and suffixes we use to refer to other people indirectly and to address them directly. These additions are simply called tributes
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Using these honorifics correctly can also make native Japanese speakers feel more natural and correct in situations – while getting it wrong can turn into an awkward moment.
True, this topic can be a bit difficult once you get into more advanced Japanese, but the basics are easy enough to learn.
Top tip: When in doubt, address and refer to people using their last name and the polite -san unless instructed otherwise (eg Smith-san, Suzuki-san).
Honorifics are nicknames that apply throughout society They are usually suffixes and are usually added to the end of one’s last name
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So when you’re talking to an older person you don’t know, you go for more polite language, while when you’re talking to a young person you know well, you’re expected to use more casual language. It is wonderful to use such kind language
It’s not an unfamiliar concept if you think about it. We often talk to our friends differently than we do to our friends or grandparents—the Japanese language just formalizes those adjustments through grammar and polite speech.
So with that in mind, here’s a look at the most common Japanese honorifics you’ll hear and use when learning Japanese.
It is gender neutral and works functionally like Mr/Ms/Miss/Mrs, but is more commonly used in modern language than those examples.
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. is also added to the names of some companies and professions to refer to the shop or the people who work there
Similarly, the office of a company called Big Joe’s Jeans might be addressed as Big Joe’s Jeans-san if someone were to visit them.
Another common – though less common – polite, formal suffix is Used to show great respect for someone older than you or someone of a higher status
For a rough English translation, it would be more like Mr. or Mrs. than Mr. or Mrs. – or as we use it, “ladies and gentlemen.”
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Fun fact: When the current emperor’s sister married a commoner, she technically became a commoner. After the wedding, Japanese journalists changed the way they referred to her
People who watch Japanese television or read manga notice that -kon and -chan are often used as nicknames between friends in Japanese pop culture.
More respectful of the two, but still informal Used more for men and boys than for women and girls
However, it is more common for juniors to use -kon regardless of gender for more, and for teachers to use -san for all regardless of gender.
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Khan, as mentioned above, is an equally informal familiar suffix that is close to you A more feminine nickname, has a sweet and childish connotation It has its origins in children mispronouncing it, but has found its way into regular use
It’s not appropriate in a work environment, but it can be a sweet, cute nickname for a friend or romantic partner. It is usually used for young women you are with, babies, children and animals, and can also be used for beloved elderly relatives such as grandmothers.
. It’s one you’ll probably use less often, but you may hear it in use, especially on the news or radio
It can also be used alone after the person has been introduced, as long as no one else can talk about it
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The word for green tea, but is more commonly called ocha in Japanese. You also see it commonly used in family honorifics.
When you learn Japanese, you will start with polite speech to ensure that you can start speaking Japanese without passing on cultural mistakes.
Just in time! You can use the handy chart above to figure out which honorific is appropriate for the situation In fact, in Japan it’s generally considered rude to simply call someone by their last name without an honorific, with a few exceptions when you’re more famous. (The primary exception is athletes on the same team, if you happen to be a famous basketball player.) Calling someone by their last name only is called 呼ひ捨.
Names are usually reserved for the inner circle, but your closest friends can call them by their first name without honor.
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As you progress through the Japanese language, you’ll find that “respectful speech” applies to a wider web of vocabulary. Everyday speech in Japan has unique verb variations that show politeness and different levels of respect
Well, while this concept may seem strange and ergo probably not useful, the use of these words in everyday life in Japan is actually quite amazing. There are many common Japanese words and expressions that derive from this more polite form
For example, the phrase used before starting a meal – itadakimasu) – from the humble ‘to eat’. When you go into shops and restaurants and restaurants, what you hear is – don’t (Erasimize) – come for honorable reasons’. And when you hear people say もだもし (moshimoshi) on the phone? It comes from the humble ‘to say’
And there it is! That’s Japanese respect. Now you know a bit about san, khan, kun and how to use them But the learning doesn’t stop there
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Polite speech is widely used in everyday Japanese, and it’s important to take the time to master it when learning Japanese.
Japanese actually has 3 alphabets – hiragana, katakana and kanji Japanese names are written in kanji, while foreign names are written in katakana. Foreign names are usually written with katakana to match phonetically with the Japanese Andrej station
One of the advantages of writing foreign names in katakana is that the reading and pronunciation are clear to Japanese people, and people automatically know that it is a foreign name just by looking at it. And, if you have a common name, there is a standard way of writing your name in katakana that Japanese people already know.
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To write your name in Japanese, the easiest way is to find the katakana characters that match the pronunciation of your Japanese name.
For example, if your name is “Maria,” look for the katakana character for mom, which is , then the character for ri, which is , and then the character for A, which is ア. You have to put them together and write マ write for “Maria”.
) In katakana, long vowels (a, e, i, o, u) are expressed with a dash. Danni is written as タニー and Nicole as ニコ
Also note that the L-sound has been changed to R to match the Japanese alphabet So Lauren becomes
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Here is a list of common foreign names that are written in Japanese katakana. If you look at this, it will help you understand how your name should be pronounced in Japanese!
When writing both first and last name together in Japanese, the names should be separated with these symbols: ・
And that is that! Now you have all the tools to write and write your name in Japanese Be sure to introduce yourself to the new friends you meet when you visit Japan!
Hello, my name is Cashew My interest is teaching Japanese (more than 10 years of experience) and introducing interesting parts of Japan Please enjoy this blog 🙂 If you are new to learning Japanese, check out my 7-day free Japanese course! What better way to dip your toes into the Japanese language than by getting a Japanese name? Generally, English names or foreign names are usually written in phonetic katakana. The exception would be a name with Chinese characters, which you can choose to read while reading Japanese.
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In fact, it has become more common in Japan (at least in newspapers and other media).
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