How Do You Say Goodmorning In Russian – Farewells and informal greetings are used between family members, peer group members and people of the same age. If you are talking to someone older than you or in a higher position than you, social convention dictates that you use formal language.
I’m not going to lie – these are hard words to say. Some words in Russian have crazy consonant clusters and it just so happens that the word for “Hello!” is one of them. Yes, the word begins with three consonants Z, D and R; and in the middle it has a cluster of four consonants V, S, T, and V again. If you’re having trouble pronouncing S to V, fear not. V is usually pronounced as F when it comes before another consonant sound, which helps us pronounce it together.
How Do You Say Goodmorning In Russian
If you walk down the street in Moscow, waving to every passerby and saying “Доброе утро!”, you’re either a foreigner or you’ve escaped from an asylum. People do not greet passers-by in Russia. However, you can say this phrase to someone who lives with you temporarily. Remember to change the greeting depending on the time of day.
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Most of the people you meet and interact with will prefer to speak informally. This shows that you are equal and can speak freely. When you greet, you will say “Привет!” But if you need to buy a train ticket and you approach the man or woman selling tickets at the train station, you shouldn’t say “Привет!” because you are a foreigner. In a mixed group of various ages, roles and people you may or may not know, you can add the word “всем”, which means “for all” or “for everyone”. The result is: “Всем привет!” or “Hey everyone!”
When you say hello to someone in Russian, you can shake their hand, you can wave, or you can just look them in the eye. It all depends on who you are and who they are. All the talk about the gender bias or discrimination side, if you are a man in Russia, it is typical for you to shake hands when meeting other men, but not when meeting women. Some women will extend their hand for a handshake (especially if they know you’re a stranger), but in most situations women don’t shake hands with men and they don’t shake hands with other women. Russian women who are less connected to foreigners may snicker when you extend your hand for a handshake during a meeting.
It is also important to note that men tend to shake hands the first time they meet another man and every time they meet after that. Many men shake hands every time they leave too. Women, on the other hand, usually only say hello the first time they meet someone. If they feel comfortable, they can opt for a quick hug or hug, instead of a handshake, regardless of whether the person is male or female.
Another thing to remember is that you can’t shake hands at the door. If the door is open and you are on opposite sides of the door, one of you must enter or exit before you both shake hands. This comes from a Russian superstition, but many people will refuse to shake your hand at the door and insist that one of you moves first.
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Leaving is another story. There is a Russian idiom “уходить по-английский”, which literally means “leave the English way”, which can be translated as “go without saying goodbye”. In Russia, it’s pretty straight forward for men: if you shake hands or say hello when you meet, you should shake hands or say goodbye when you leave.
Another thing that confuses many foreigners is the Russian practice of not saying goodbye until it is your last departure. In English it is typical to say “I’m going to the shop, I’ll be back in 15 minutes. Bye!” But in Russia the last “Bye!” will be met with an angry “Мы ещё не прощаемся.” or “We haven’t said goodbye yet.”
It may seem like overkill, but you really need to use formal language with your parents. Some people believe that you should use formal language with anyone you don’t have an informal relationship with, even if you are close. And there are those in high social positions, such as your in-laws, your teachers, your boss or superior at work, and others with whom you are expected to use formal language.
Using this phrase makes it very clear that you are addressing someone using formal language. If you say this to friends, they will probably laugh. If your friends say it to you, then maybe they are not your friends – usually friends are not so formal.
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Just like Здравствуйте, this phrase is more formal than many other greetings. However, it is somewhat less formal than the full Здравствуйте, as it omits the formal ending “те”. This ending implies the verb conjugation вы / Вы which is used when you are talking to more than one person, вы, or calling an older person or a person with a high social position, Вы. Without this ending, the word здравствуй becomes less formal.
This speech is reserved for the morning. I’m not going to argue with you about when the morning starts and ends, but it’s good practice for you to argue with Russian speakers. As in English, you can also say this phrase to someone when they just wake up. If your friend fell asleep at the party at 10pm, you can say Доброе утро! when he wakes up at 11 pm.
Like Доброе утро!, this phrase is reserved for a certain part of the day. However, Добрый день! somewhat more universal in its use, similar to Здравствуйте. My rule is: when it’s dark outside, I say Добрый вечер!, but when it’s light outside, I say Добрый день!
Let’s say this expression is only appropriate in the evening. All three verses: Добрый утро!, Добрый день!, and Добрый вечер! considered an official speech. However, you will often hear friends say it.
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This is the most common formal speech in Russian. It literally means “so far” and I don’t mean a date on a calendar. The word “свидание” is usually used regarding a romantic date. For example, the expression “Унеё есть свидание.” means “He has a date.”
But До свидания! not limited to this meaning. Instead, it is used with anyone and everyone, but especially in formal situations. Like Здравствуйте, it can sometimes be used by friends, but in situations where we address our elders as individuals of social value, we don’t have many options and this is the option we use the most.
You’ll probably hear this parting from people you deal with: taxi drivers, restaurant waiters, even the flight attendants you see when you leave the plane. As a customer, you can also mention this phase on your way out the door. Remember the rules of saying goodbye in Russian so you don’t end up in an awkward situation.
This is another common disconnect when interacting with someone you don’t know. If you speak Russian with your customers, this is an important phrase to remember. The expression “Всего хорошего!” and “Хорошего Вам дня!” is actually a short version. The long version contains “Желаю”, which means “I want”. The full sentence is “Я желаю Вам всего хорошего!” (I wish you the best!) or “Я желаю Вам хорошего дня!” (I wish you a good day!)
Ways To Say Hello In Russian
Privet is “Hi!” which is mostly used with informal greetings, while Здравствуйте “Hello!” more often used with formal speech. In English, “Hello” and “Hi” are so similar that the difference between formal and informal tones is sometimes not immediately obvious, but rather they are quite interchangeable in everyday use. This may be due to the fact that fewer situations are considered formal by English speakers than by Russian speakers, leading to less strict interactions where “Hello” is required without an alternative.
This is a favorite informal speech of many young people in Russia. You can translate it as “Hey!” or even “You!” Although it is spelled with three О, it is important to remember that the first and last О are pronounced “ah”; /in:/. Some native Russian speakers will pronounce it “Здарова!” write, instead of “Здорово!”
We must also be careful not to confuse this word with other expressions that sound very similar. Intonation and stress are what differentiate them. If you stress the first syllable, “Здорово!” sounds like “ZDO-rah-vuh”; /’zdora:və/ and means “beautiful”. For example:
From the French language, this greeting is mostly used by creative young people. It is definitely not used in formal situations.
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Another example of a foreign word that young Russians can use in speech is the Arabic word “Salam!” The use of this greeting does not necessarily indicate the speaker’s religion.
This is the easiest way to say “Bye!” As simple as that is, don’t forget that it’s informal and you might feel uncomfortable if you use it in a situation where formal language is required.