What Are The Major Functions Of The Liver – Most people probably know that your heart pumps blood, your brain thinks, and your lungs breathe. But most people may not know what the liver does.
Unlike the more commonly known organs, the liver has many functions in the body. In some ways, it’s the mechanic in the background that keeps everything running smoothly.
What Are The Major Functions Of The Liver
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Concept Map On The Main Functions Of The Liver
Above you can see 5 of the many tasks the liver does. It is your body’s factory, transportation system, power storage system, and waste management system, among other functions.
Figure 3: Glycogen: the liver as a battery. Your body stores the energy from carbohydrates in the form of glycogen, which acts like a battery so you can run faster.
Because you don’t always eat, your body needs a way to store energy from the chocolate you eat so you can use it while running.
However, your body also needs some energy to “boost” quickly. This is where the liver comes into play.
Cirrhosis And Its Complications
Your liver stores energy in the form of “glycogen”, a type of starch. This allows the liver to quickly supply your body with energy while you exercise.
Figure 4: Vitamins: The role of the liver. Your liver produces the bile your body needs to absorb fats and vitamins from food.
You may have heard that vitamins are found in foods. You need a liver to get some of these vitamins into your body.
Like a truck, the liver produces the transporters needed to absorb the four essential vitamins: vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin E, and vitamin K.
Digestive System And Its Function
Vitamin A is essential for vision, vitamin D is essential for strong bones, vitamin E acts as an antioxidant to protect your cells, and vitamin K helps your blood clot.
When hepatic failure occurs, patients may become ill due to insufficient vitamin intake despite a normal diet.
Figure 5: Liver and cholesterol. Your liver helps produce the fats and cholesterol your cells need. It also absorbs excess cholesterol from LDL.
Although too much cholesterol can lead to heart disease, you actually need cholesterol to survive. Cholesterol forms an important part of the cell membranes that hold cells together.
Solution: Notes Of Functions Of Liver
Your liver is responsible for transporting cholesterol throughout the body and regulating its levels. It sends transporters such as VLDL to absorb excess cholesterol that returns as LDL.
NASH is a disease caused by the presence of fat in the liver. It is a subset of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Over time, fatty liver can lead to inflammation of the liver in the last stage, which we call NASH.
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The liver, the largest gland in the body, consists of spongy, cuneate lobes and has various metabolic and secretory functions. The liver secretes bile, which is the digestive juice; metabolizes proteins, carbohydrates and fats; stores glycogen, vitamins and other substances; synthesizes coagulation factors; removes waste and toxins from the blood; regulates blood volume and destroys old red blood cells.
A−d) Major Liver And Renal Functions Indexes In The Liver And Renal…
Liver tissue consists of a large number of cells through which bile ducts and blood vessels pass. Liver cells make up about 60 percent of tissue and perform more metabolic functions than any other cell group in the body. A second group of cells called Kupffer cells line the smallest channels of the liver vasculature and are involved in blood formation, antibody production, and the uptake of foreign particles and cellular debris.
The liver secretes about 800 to 1000 ml (about 1 liter) of bile per day, which contains the bile salts needed to digest dietary fat. Bile is also an excretory medium for some metabolic waste products, drugs and toxic substances. The biliary system carries bile from the liver to the common bile duct, which empties into the duodenum of the small intestine and connects with the gallbladder, where bile is concentrated and stored. The presence of fat in the duodenum stimulates the flow of bile from the gallbladder to the small intestine. Aged (depleted) red blood cells are destroyed in the liver, spleen, and bone marrow. The pigment bilirubin formed during the breakdown of hemoglobin is released into the bile, giving it its characteristic orange-green color and excreted through the intestines.
Liver cells synthesize various enzymes. As blood flows from the portal vein and hepatic artery to the liver, cells and enzymes are filtered. Nutrients entering the liver from the gut are converted into a form that can be used by body cells or stored for future use. Fats are converted to fatty acids, which are then converted to carbohydrates or ketone bodies and transported through the bloodstream to tissues where they are further metabolized. Sugar is converted to glycogen, which is stored in the liver until needed for energy, then converted back to glucose and released into the blood. The liver makes and releases serum proteins, including albumin and various coagulation factors, into the blood. The liver also metabolizes nitrogenous wastes and detoxifies toxic substances, preparing them to be excreted in the urine or faeces.
A common sign of impaired liver function is jaundice, which is yellowing of the eyes and skin caused by too much bilirubin in the blood. Jaundice can result from abnormally high levels of destruction of red blood cells (hemolytic jaundice), faulty uptake or transport of bilirubin by liver cells (hepatocellular jaundice), or biliary obstruction.
The Role Of Telomeres And Telomerase In Cirrhosis And Liver Cancer
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