What Are The Main Functions Of The Liver – The liver, the largest glandular organ in the body, weighs about 3 kilograms. It appears on the right side of the body near the stomach, below the diaphragm. It has many functions that are important for a healthy person.
The main function of the liver is to produce substances that help the body excrete fats. The liver produces bile, which aids in the breakdown and digestion of food.
What Are The Main Functions Of The Liver
The liver converts glucose into glycogen (sugar), the body’s main source of energy. It also detoxifies the blood, making it pure and clean for the body to use.
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The liver stores many vitamins and minerals, such as vitamins A, D, K and B12. It also produces certain amino acids, which are the building blocks of important proteins.
The liver secretes urea, the main component of urine. It helps the body excrete excess waste, ammonia, nitrogen and proteins.
About 80 percent of cholesterol in the body is made in the liver. The body needs cholesterol for every cell and to balance hormones, sodium and water.
The liver is an amazing organ that can regenerate itself. The liver has over 500 functions that affect the body, mind and spirit.
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This article is written, copy-edited and fact-checked by the CareerTrend team using a multi-point audit system to ensure our readers get only the best information possible. Contact us [here] to submit questions or ideas, or learn more about CareerTrend (http://careertrend.com/about-us). Most people probably know that your heart pumps blood, your brain thinks and your lungs breathe. But most people probably don’t know what the liver does.
Unlike other organs, the liver performs many functions throughout the body. In a way, it’s a helper who keeps everything going in the background.
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Above you can see 5 of the liver’s many roles. It is your body’s factory, transport system, energy storage system, and waste management system, among other functions.
Definition Of Bile Duct
Figure 3: Glycogen: The Liver as a Battery. Your body stores energy from carbohydrates in the form of glycogen, almost like a battery, so you can run faster.
Since you’re not eating all the time, your body needs some way to store the energy from the chocolate you just ate and use it while running.
However, your body also needs some energy that it can use for a quick “boost”. This is where leverage comes in handy.
Your liver stores energy in the form of “glycogen,” which is starch. This allows the liver to provide your body with quick energy during your workout.
What Are The Five Main Functions Of The Liver?
Figure 4: Vitamins: Role of the Liver. Your liver produces bile, which is needed to absorb fats and vitamins from food.
You may have heard that food contains vitamins. Some of these vitamins need the liver to be absorbed by the body.
The liver produces the truck-like transporters needed to absorb the four essential vitamins: vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin E, and vitamin K.
Vitamin A helps with vision, vitamin D helps with strong bones, vitamin E protects cells as an antioxidant, and vitamin K helps with blood clotting.
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In liver failure, patients may become sick with vitamin deficiencies even if they eat a normal diet.
Figure 5: Liver and cholesterol. Your liver helps your cells produce essential fats and cholesterol. It also absorbs excess LDL cholesterol.
Although too much cholesterol can cause heart disease, cholesterol is necessary for life. Cholesterol is an important part of the cell membranes that bind your cells together.
Your liver is responsible for transporting cholesterol around the body and controlling its levels. It sends out vehicles such as VLDL to absorb excess cholesterol, which is returned as LDL.
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NASH is a fatty liver disease. This is part of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Over time, fatty deposits in the liver can lead to inflammation of the liver, the final stage of which we call NASH.
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The liver, the largest gland in the body, is a spongy mass of wedge-shaped particles that perform many metabolic and secretory functions. The liver secretes bile, a digestive fluid; metabolizes proteins, carbohydrates and fats; stores glycogen, vitamins and other substances; synthesizes blood clotting factors; removes waste and toxins from the blood; regulates blood volume; and destroys old red blood cells.
Liver tissue is composed of a mass of cells that run through the bile ducts and blood vessels. Liver cells make up about 60 percent of the tissue and perform more metabolic functions than any other group of cells in the body. A second group of cells, called Kupffer cells, line the smallest channels of the liver’s vascular system and play a role in blood formation, antibody formation, and absorption of foreign particles and cellular debris.
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Every day, the liver secretes 800 to 1,000 milliliters (about 1 quart) of bile, which contains bile salts necessary for the absorption of dietary fats. Bile is also a means of excreting certain metabolic wastes, drugs and toxins. A duct system from the liver carries bile into the common bile duct, where it empties into the duodenum of the small intestine and joins the gallbladder, where it is collected and stored. The presence of fat in the duodenum causes bile to flow out of the gallbladder and into the small intestine. In the liver, spleen, chronic (old) red blood cells are destroyed.